Fashion From Seven Eras of World History

Ottoman Empire (Islam, 1299 – 1923)

Turkish Empire empowered much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa.  The men wore turbans with long layered gowns with a scarf around with neck, while the women would cover their head with a long scarf that would drape over their shoulder.  A blouse and umbrella skirts was a part of the daily wear.

Ottoman Empire

Colonial Era (America, 1500 – 1754)

European nations came to the Americas to increase their wealth.  Men with their long curled hair wore their long over coat with legging like tights and half pants.  The women wore the fitted from the waist big umbrella shaped long gowns.

Colonial Era

Mughal Empire (India, 1526 – 1857)

An era where Islamic and Persianate invaded and ruled most of Hindustan (South Asia).  An era of when the Taj Mahal was built.  The clothing was rich, royal, colorful and heavily worked with gems and stones.  Both the men and women accessorized in heavy jewelry.

Mughal Empire

Qing Dynasty (China, 1644 – 1912)

Qing was the last ruling dynasty of China as it expanded into proper China and its surrounding territories.  The clothes were elegant, poised, and glorious showing rank and lifestyle. Many robes were made in embroidered golden satin and trimmed with floral ribbons and frogs for closure while others included the dragon motif together with a decorative representation of the Chinese conception of the cosmos.

Qing Dynasty

Victorian Era (United Kingdom, 1837 – 1901)

An era of the United Kingdom was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign from June 1837 until her death.  The fashion was fancy, frilly, lacey, classic elegance and beautiful fabrics; however it was also the era of feminine underclothing.  This consisted of long lace-trimmed white muslin “drawers”, a flannel petticoat in winter, the petticoat of calico, quilted and reinforced with whalebone, and several starched, checked, striped or white muslin petticoats with more flounces.

Victorian Era

Meiji Period (Japan, 1868 – 1912)

During this time, Japan started its modernization and rose to world power status.  During this time industry methods and chemical dyeing techniques from the West began.  Students were permitted to dress in foreign-style clothes for the first time.  Sino-Japanese War began in 1894and during the war many Japanese women began working outside of their homes and this necessitated a different type of clothing than that typically worn indoors.

Meiji Period

Edwardian Era (United Kingdom, 1901 – 1910)

Era in the United Kingdom was the period covering the reign of King Edward VII after the death of his mother Queen Victoria.  The high collar, S bend corset, trained skirt and lavish hat all had an effect on the posture of an Edwardian lady.  The dresses were two pieces; the bodice was heavily boned and was almost like a mini corset itself worn over the S-bend corset.

Edwardian Era


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